Damp happens when there is moisture, water, or condensation within a structure, such as your home. It can easily spread in an environment where there is not enough ventilation. It can cause lots of disrepair in your home in the form of mould from the wall to the ceiling and even the bed that you sleep in. It puts everyone’s health at risk, not only because of the pathogens that float in the air, but also because of the physical and mental stress caused by the lack of a comfortable place to rest in.

It is important that you immediately address the damp in your home as this can eventually lead to severe conditions such as black mould, which has adverse effects to health, and—if some parts of your house are made of wood—rotting timber. 

Causes for moisture entering your home include chores like drying the laundry, washing the dishes, bathing, and even cooking. These activities increase the amount of condensation in the air, especially when the warm air that comes into contact with a cold surface cools down. This forms droplets of caked condensation.

Causes of damp

You can easily spot dampness in walls when it is cold to the touch. If you leave damp for too long, there is a good possibility that fungi might grow. Your window will fog up, and this moisture will leave a small puddle of water beside the window sills. Black mould can grow on the sealant that surrounds your sink in your bathroom. In addition to this,your basement could have a musty smell as damp can be anywhere.

These different manifestations of moisture originate from the different causes of damp:

Rising damp

Rising damp is caused by groundwater rising to the wall, usually from floods or overflowing pipes. You will know that you have this type of damp if you see a tideline on the lower part of your wall. Your skirting boards could also be rotting and floor boards lifting. The moisture either creates bubbles under your wall paper or it just suddenly peels off.

Penetrating damp

Penetrating damp comes from both internal and external structural issues. It could be caused by roof leaks, incorrectly installed downpipes, and damaged gutter. The materials used for the walls play a part in the affecting damp as water can seep through walls that were constructed with porous materials. 


You may feel your home is damp due to condensation and can potentially notice extra moisture on your windows and black mould on surfaces. You can solve this problem by making sure your home is sufficiently ventilated. This may entail the installation of a ventilation device or the use of a passive vent to increase ventilation.

Damp-proof your home

If you rent your property, contact your landlord to help you prevent damp from further penetrating your home. However, there are also things that you can do, such as install a horizontal course that is water resistant so it will not leak when there’s a heavy downpour. This course will redirect rainwater to a horizontal direction instead of straight down.

Add more sources of air, like a slightly open window. Mechanical ventilation, such as bathroom and kitchen fans, allow for regular air movement throughout your home and help to alleviate any condensation difficulties.

Address penetrating damp by clearing the gutters so water can flow through it freely and away from your home. Get your plumbing system fixed, too, as this could be one of the causes that water penetrates your walls and floors.

Request your landlord to fix the central heating system in the property. There are various temperatures per room that help determine the moisture is 16-20° in the bedroom and 19-22° in the kitchen, living room, and bathroom. Broken windows and doors should be fixed so there won’t be a need to close them all the time.

Avoid drying your clothes on radiators when possible. Instead, hang your clothes out to dry, open the windows, or turn on a fan. Using bottled gas heaters inside can cause a lot of moisture in the air, so it’s best to avoid it if at all feasible.

What to do if your landlord won’t help

All disrepair in your home caused by damp must be addressed right away- and before the situation gets out of hand, you have to contact your landlord. Send your reports and requests to your landlord via email, SMS, or snail mail as you can use these as evidence in case you decide to bring the matter to court.

Give them 14 to 21 days to respond to your report. After 21 days, you can make a follow-up call. However, if your landlord continues ignoring repair requests, the experts at disrepairclaim.co.uk can help. They know how you can get compensated for the damages in your home.